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2 years ago

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - InfoBarrel


What is PTSD?

PTSD can develop following any traumatic event that causes a feeling of helplessness or an over-whelming, and sometimes unrealistic, fear of dangers lurking.

If someone goes through a traumatic event and is left with an overpowering sense of being unsafe, insecure, and helpless that person may be suffering from PTSD. Some symptoms include a sense emotional shock, fear, and a sense of being disconnected from others. Additional symptoms can include sleep problems, nightmares, flashbacks and disturbing memories of the trauma. Some suffers of the disorder experience depression, jittery feelings, sudden outbursts of anger, and the tendency to be easily startled. Also symptomatic of PTSD are such physical manifestations as rapid heartbeat, quickened breathing, abnormal sweating, severe muscle tension, and nausea. Some individuals with PTSD even have suicidal thoughts.

Fortunately, for most sufferers, the feelings don't last long. Such feelings should gradually lessen in severity and eventually go away completely. However, for some suffers, the symptoms don't lessen in severity or go away. Some PTSD sufferers may actually begin to feel much worse with time.

What Causes the Disorder?

Some post-traumatic stress disorder is experienced by soldiers returning from battle. The United States Department of National Veterans Affairs reports that military combat is the most common cause of PTSD in men. However, any extremely traumatic event can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder in any person from any walk of life. Common causes include natural disasters, war, as well as personal physical assault, domestic abuse, or rape.

How is the Disorder Treated?

Those diagnosed with PTSD should get professional treatment as soon as possible. Professional treatment can better help PTSD suffers cope with the traumatic event, rather than avoiding it. Treatment strategies encourage sufferers to recall their traumatic event in order to try to face up to the sensations felt during the original trauma. Such strategies can help to restore a better sense of control over their lives and emotions.

One type of treatment is a trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy. Such a therapy identifies irrational thoughts about the traumatic event and replaces them with a healthier and more positive view. Another type of treatment is family therapy which helps family members better understand the disorder and provides for better communication. Medication is another treatment option. Some medication used can include Prozac or Zoloft or other anti-depressants that help to control depression and anxiety.

PTSD suffers can also pursue self-help strategies such as volunteering and serving to help others. Reaching out to supportive friends and family and staying connected with them is very helpful, as well. In addition, it is recommended that PTSD sufferers try to avoid any kind of alcohol or substance abuse as a coping mechanism. Abuse of alcohol or drugs can worsen symptoms..

2 years ago

Ironmongery Understanding The Basics – Brackets

We use items of ironmongery numerous times a day in our busy lifestyles, often without realizing their presence. They play an important role in our day-to-day lives and often their presence only becomes apparent when a problem arises.

The average person usually does not require an in-depth knowledge of ironmongery and hardware products, although wherever possible it is useful to understand the basics.

In this article we aim to briefly describe what a bracket is, how it works and what makes a good bracket.

What is a bracket?

A bracket is a device of simple rigid structure, one arm of which is fixed to a vertical surface, the other projecting horizontally to support a shelf or a handrail or other weight. For example a shelf bracket supports a shelf and a handrail bracket supports a handrail.

How does a bracket work?

A bracket transfers the load acting downwards upon a horizontal plane to a supporting structure in the vertical plane. (An example is the weight of a horizontal shelf being transferred to a vertical wall).

A bracket is a weight-bearing structural unit with two sides (or arms) that form a right angle.

One side, the horizontal accepts the load from the horizontal surface (i.e. shelf) that it is supporting. The other is vertical and transfers the load to the vertical surface to which it is fixed (i.e. wall).

The position where the horizontal and vertical arms meet (the vertex) needs to be strong and should be able to accept and transfer the load that it supports.

Larger brackets may have a third diagonal supporting brace that reduces load on the arms by transferring a proportion of the load from the horizontal arm to the vertical arm.

What makes a good bracket?

A good bracket will have the following properties:

The horizontal arm should be large and strong enough to accept the load and transfer it to the vertex or point at which the sides of the angle intersect.

The vertex should be strong and free of any imperfections, as it is this point that bears the maximum load.

The vertical arm should align properly with the vertical surface to which it is fixed to transfer the load correctly.

For heavy loads it is preferable to use a bracket with a third diagonal arm that will share and transfer a proportion of the load.

The vertical arm will have pre-drilled holes to enable fixing using screws. In some cases the horizontal arm will also have pre-drilled holes for securing the load it supports.

The correct size screws should always be used, making sure that the screw head sits flush within the arm.

Brackets are available in a multitude of finishes for both indoor and outdoor use in a range of contemporary and traditional designs.

While aesthetics are important when selecting a bracket careful consideration should also be given to its function, ensuring that the bracket is both large and strong enough for the purpose required.

An adequately strong, good looking, properly fitted shelf bracket or a handrail bracket is a great style statement for interiors and exteriors.

By: Stuart Ross

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Stuart has worked in the ironmongery trade for 28 years. He served his apprenticeship in building and carpentry, in the West Midlands (UK), working in building and construction for 15 years. You can get more information on a wide range of ironmongery products at